GLOSSARY

A useful set of automotive terms and abbreviations.

Let us take you on a quick walk through the basic terms in vehicle diagnostics and advanced automotive solutions!
In the Abrites Glossary you will find all the important terms and abbreviations we could think of regarding your everyday work or keen interest in cars and all things on wheels, rolling around because of an engine. We hope that this database will be useful whenever you seek more information on the matter and we will be happy to develop it further together with you!


A
•    AB - Supplemental Restraint System (Airbag)
•    ABC - Active body control
•    ABS - Anti-lock Brake System
•    ACS - Automatic clutch system
•    Actuator - a device that produces linear or rotary motion by converting energy and signals
•    Actuator testing - a process in which you run diagnostics and send a command to an actuator to check if it functions properly
•    ADM - Automatic Dimming Inside Rear-view Mirror
•    ADS - Automatic damping system (suspension)
•    Advanced coding - programming/flashing a unit or units in the vehicle to access specific features
•    Airbag exchange - the process of replacing an airbag module
•    Airbag renewal - resetting a used airbag module to factory settings in order for it to be used on a vehicle
•    Airbag replacement - similar to airbag exchange
•    ALL KEYS LOST - when there are no available keys to a vehicle
•    AAM - All Activity Module
•    Android Screen Mirroring - when you can show your Android's phone display on the screen of your car
•    Apple CarPlay - playing media from your iPhone via your car's multimedia
•    APS - Auto pilot system
•    AVDI - Abrites Vehicle Diagnostics Interface


B
•    BAS - Brake Assist System
•    BCM - body control module
•    BCM alignment - the recognition and authorisation of all modules in the vehicle by the body control module
•    Bench mode - working on an ECU, which is removed from the vehicle, by connecting pins into it to perform specific tasks, a.k.a. service mode
•    Boot mode - similar to the bench work, but the pins are directly connected to the chipboard of the ECU, as well, in order to read and write the full memory
•    BSI - Built-in Systems Interface; The BSI unit is basically a computer which handles a multitude of functions such as odometer value, central locking, lights and immobiliser

C
•    CAN/CAN bus - Controller Area Network, a protocol via which the microcontrollers and devices in the vehicle communicate between each other
•    CAS - car access system
•    CEM - central electronic module
•    Cluster calibration - adjusting values in the cluster (e.g. mileage values when exchanging the module)
•    Coding - programming a unit or units in the vehicle
•    Comfort control module - controls all electronics in the car
•    Component protection - a security system created by VAG, regarding the exchange of modules in the vehicle

D
•    DAS - drive authorisation system
•    Dashboard - the display and gauges showing detailed information on your vehicle's speed, temperature, and other data
•    DTC - diagnostic trouble codes
•    Donor vehicle - the vehicle from which spare modules or parts are taken
•    DST-AES - a type of key, using the Advanced Encryption Standard, a symmetric block cipher

E
•    ECU - engine control unit
•    ECU flash/flashing - see Flashing; applying changes to the ECU memory chip
•    ECU programming - see ECU flashing
•    ECU re-flash/re-flashing - see ECU flashing
•    ECU renewal - the process of replacing the ECU of a vehicle with a new or a used one
•    ECU adaptation - the process of programming the ECU to a certain vehicle
•    ECU replacement - the process of replacing the ECU of a vehicle with a new or a used one
•    EGR - Exhaust Gas Re-circulation
•    EGS - Electronic Transmission Control Gear system (Auto transmission)
•    EIS - Electronic ignition system
•    EIS ESL - Electronic Ignition Switch and Electronic Steering Lock system
•    EI - Electronic Ignition (distributorless)
•    EIFI - Electronic In-line Fuel Injection
•    ELV -  Electronic Steering Lock in Mercedes vehicles
•    Emergency start - the process of starting a vehicle in order to drive it to the nearest garage to be serviced
•    Emulator - an electronic device which imitates a program or another device
•    Erasing diagnostic trouble codes - removing detected errors
•    ESL - Electronic steering locks
•    ESP - Electronic Stability Program
•    ETC - Electronic Transmission Control
•    EZS - Electronic starter switch

F
•    Fast coding - a pre-set list of coding options, developed by Abrites based on popular demand by automotive professionals; the action of unlocking various options in your vehicle, e.g. folding mirrors, start/stop system settings
•    Flash/flashing - or ECU flashing is the process of changing the software and modifying the vehicle's memory chip

G
•    Gateway - a central hub in the vehicle that securely interconnects and processes data across heterogeneous vehicle networks to and from functional domains such as power-train, chassis and safety, body control, infotainment, telematics and advanced driving assistance systems

H
•    HFS - Hands free system
•    HFM - Hands free module
•    Hardware - the electronic device or devices, used for a certain operation, which use specific software
•    HT-AES - a type of key, using the Advanced Encryption Standard, a symmetric block cipher

I
•    Immobiliser/Immobilizer - a security system
•    ID code box reset - a procedure which is performed to ease key programming and Smart System replacement in Toyota vehicles
•    Infotainment - a system for playing audio and visual media in your vehicle
•    Instrument cluster - a module in the vehicle, containing important information about speed, pressure, temperature; a dashboard
•    IPC - instrument panel cluster
•    IR - infrared, referring to a keys in automotive context

K
•    Key learning - the process of authorising a key or keys to a car
•    Key programming - see key learning
•    Keyless Vehicle Module - a module, related to the remote control functions regarding the vehicle, see RFA/RFA module

L
•    Live data - allows seeing real-time information given by the vehicle's sensors
•    Live values - see live data

M
•    MCU - media control unit
•    Mileage calibration/ Mileage recalibration - programming the odometer data
•    MLB - Modularer Längsbaukasten or Modular Longitudinal Matrix in English, a platform used in some VAG vehicles (e.g. Audi A4 B8, A5, A6, A7, A8, the Porsche Macan)
•    Module - automotive component
•    Module adaptation - the process of programming a new or used module to a vehicle
•    Module exchange/ Parts exchange - see module adaptation
•    Module neutralisation/neutralization - to reset a used module in order to program it to another vehicle
•    Module renewal - see module neutralisation
•    Module replacement - see module exchange
•    Module scanning - a diagnostic procedure in which the diagnostic tool detects all the modules in the vehicle
•    MQB - Modularer Querbaukasten,  which means "Modular Transversal Toolkit" or "Modular Transverse Matrix" (translated from German)

O
•    OBD - on-board diagnostics; OBD systems give the vehicle owner or repair technician access to the status of the various vehicle sub-systems
•    OBDII - improvement over OBD-I in terms of capability and standardization; the OBD-II standard specifies the type of diagnostic connector and its pinout, the electrical signalling protocols available, and the messaging format
•    OBD port - on-board diagnostics port, a port used to access the vehicle's computer for various tasks, such as tests and diagnostics
•    Odometer calibration - reprogramming the dodmeter, mileage calibration
•    OEM - original equipment manufacturer

P
•    Parts exchange - a process of replacing parts and modules in a vehicle
•    PassThru - a driver allowing you to use OEM tools with non-OEM software
•    PATS initialisation/ PATS initialization - Passive Anti-Theft System, a security system
•    PIN - product identification number, 17-digit code
•    PIN code extraction - a process of revealing the vehicle's PIN
•    PIN code reading - see PIN code extraction
•    Proxi alignment - the process of communication between the vehicle and all modules and electronic control units; programming new or used modules to the vehicle


R
•   RFA - Remote function actuator
•   RFA module - a module, receiving input from many sensors throughout the vehicle, responsible for actuation of any remotely operated device currently not controlled by the vehicle, see Keyless Vehicle Module
•   RPM - Revolutions Per Minute (Engine Speed)

S
•    Smart key -  an electronic access and authorisation system for locking and unlocking a vehicle
•    Software - programs that tell your computer and interface what to do
•    Special function - an important software component of the Abrites ecosystem, allowing you to perform hundreds of procedures, like key programming, module replacement, various coding operations

T
•    TCU - transmission control unit
•    Transponder - a device that answers to a radio-frequency

U
•    UWB - ultra wide band

V
•    Vehicle diagnostics - the mechanics involved with identifying and assessing problems that may negatively affect the normal operation of a vehicle
•    VIM - video in motion, a feature allowing you to play video on your multimedia display while driving
•    VIN - vehicle identification number
•    VIN reading - a process in which the VIN of a vehicle is read

We are working on enriching this Glossary page, make your suggestions for it at blog@abrites.com!